The geographical location of the United Arab Emirates has made it one of the most important trade points in the region, which has led to the emergence of many civilizations on its territory, where these civilizations have left many historical sites that date to important stages in the history of our country.
Hafeet burial site – Early Bronze Age 3000 – 2700 BC
This site is located near the foot of Jebel Hafeet in Al Ain and dates back to the beginning of the Bronze Age, where 200 burials were found. Inside the tombs were found some copperware, crockery and colored beads. Hafeet is one of Al Ain’s sites inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2011.
The site of Umm al-Nar – Middle Bronze Age 2700 – 2000 BC
This site represents a distinctive civilizational pattern, later known as Umm al-Nar, which flourished in the middle of the third millennium BC and spread to various parts of the Arabian Gulf. The site was discovered by a Danish mission in the middle of the last century. The site includes about 50 burials in addition to a settlement that dates back to that era.
The site of Healy – Middle Bronze Age 2700 – 2000 BC
Hili Cemetery is located in a suburb of Al Ain and dates back to the third millennium BC. Seven circular burials have been found, divided from inside to stone burials. A number of pottery jars with geometric motifs and some copper beads and arrowheads were discovered.
Al Qusais – Iron Age 1300 – 300 BC
An area 12 kilometers east of the emirate of Dubai where burials were built underground. Perhaps the most important thing discovered there is a skeleton dating back to 900 BC. This is in addition to pottery and stone pots and bronze arrowheads dating back to the late second millennium BC.
Site Jumeirah – the early Islamic period (Abbasid) 750 1258
Jumeirah is one of the most important Islamic archaeological sites in the UAE and is located in the Emirate of Dubai near the seashore.
The site of Maliha – Hellenistic period 300 BC – 300 AD
The site of the salt is one of the important sites in the Emirate of Sharjah and archaeological discoveries have shown that the area Mleiha was in constant contact with the rest of the civilizations that originated in the Mediterranean basin and South Asia and southern Arabia and the north in addition to the Mesopotamia and eastern regions of the Arabian Peninsula. Many Greek amphora jars and their handles, still bearing the mark of their makers, were discovered to this day. They were imported from the eastern Mediterranean island of Rhodes at the beginning of the 2nd century BC. This discovery is the first evidence of commercial operations between the UAE and Greek civilizations. In 1994, a cemetery with 26 graves was found, including beauty. In one of these tombs, two skeletons were found, one for a camel and another for a horse, which had been buried in its full bridle decorated with golden tablets.
Site Muwailih – Iron Age 1300-300 BC
Muwaileh in Sharjah crosses important sites in the Iron Age and excavations have shown that the buildings in the site were destroyed by large burns. Found this site first evidence of writing in the UAE , where he found a shard inscribed with three characters from the South are Arab ( b m for ). Muwaileh is one of the sites on the preliminary list of the State for future nomination to the World Heritage List.
Moyhat site – Bronze Age 2700 – 2000 BC
The site is located in the emirate of Ajman.
Masfoot – Bronze Age / 3rd millennium BC
Masfout is located in the southeast of Ajman and is part of the Hajar Mountains. These inscriptions date back to the third millennium BC
The role of the site – the Hellenistic era. 300 BC
Archaeological excavations at the site revealed a group of buildings, including a temple building, all constructed with maritime stone, in addition to a group of burials found inside some pottery and metal artifacts. Al-Dour is one of the sites on the preliminary list of the State for nomination in the coming years to the World Heritage List.
Al Aqab Island – Stone Ages / 5000 BC. M
Al Aqab Island is one of the unique archaeological sites not only at the level of the country but also in the world. Al Aqab Island is located in the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain and dates back to the Neolithic Age. Archaeological excavations confirmed the existence of a patch of land that was found to have been used to slaughter the dugong (dugong), a marine mammal that still lives in the Arabian Gulf. This site can be compared with the ritual “code” sites on the Australian coast near the Tor Strait, which dates back to the period (14th – 20th centuries) where the remains of dugong bones were used to form ritual structures.
Bidya Mosque – 15th century AD
The Al Badia Archaeological Mosque in the Emirate of Fujairah, which dates back to the 15th century, is the oldest existing mosque in which prayers are performed nationwide. It is characterized by its architectural courtyard and distinctive domes. It has recently been restored and is on the state preliminary list for future nomination to the World Heritage List.
Qadfa site – Iron Age / 1300 – 300 BC. M
Qidfa site is one of the archaeological sites in the Emirate of Fujairah, where it was found a mass grave from which a thousand artifacts from the Iron Age.
Julphar – the Islamic era – the sixteenth century
Julphar is located in the emirate of Ras Al Khaimah and is an important archaeological site. The site is listed in commercial documents between Venetian merchants in Italy and the Arabian Gulf beach communities.
Included – Bronze Age / 2000 – 1300 BC
Located in the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, the archaeological site of Shaml dates back to the Bronze Age and includes a residential settlement.