Archaeological sites abound in Abu Dhabi highlighting the emirate’s rich and ancient history. These sites include a collection of forts, castles and palaces that paint a vivid picture of the culture and heritage of the region .
As soon as the visitor approaches Abu Dhabi from the Maqta Bridge, it is greeted by the 200-year-old Maqta Fort, which was a military checkpoint protecting the city’s outskirts from invading raids. Like other archaeological treasures in the emirate, Al Maqtaa Fort has undergone its share of restoration and renovation work to receive visitors in the best suit .
On Khalid Bin Al Waleed Street in the capital, the Al Qasr Al Hosn, or White Fort, is located near the Cultural Complex. Built in 1761, the fort was the family residence of the Al Nahyan, rulers of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, until 1966
In Al Ain, there is the site of the Hili monuments, which includes the remains of settlements dating back to the Bronze Age and the remains of deep-seated tombs. The site is surrounded by a public park that offers families a great outlet for families. Other major archaeological sites in the emirate include the site of Umm Al Nar Island dating back to 2000-2500 BC and the burials of Jebel Hafeet dating back to 2700-3200 BC and Marwah Island, 100 km west of Abu Dhabi and the Bida Bint Saud area north of Al Ain .
Archaeological discoveries indicate that for nearly 4,000 years, Dubai’s coastline was a small fishing village. Also it believed that the port , which was located on the Dubai Creek was a busy port, where Dubai is located on the old trade route between the ” Mesopotamia” and “Indus Valley “.
In recent years, archaeologists have discovered hundreds of man-made artifacts (such as crockery, weapons, coins, etc.) dating from the third millennium BC. These holdings indicate that civilian colonies existed on the territory of the Principality. These holdings are now on display at the Dubai Museum and there are still many castles, mosques, palaces and other historical monuments – an important tourist destination for tour operators .
The name Dubai has emerged since the 18th century, when it was a fishing and diving village. The Bani Yas tribe came to it in 1833, led by Sheikh Maktoum bin Butti, founder of the first Emirate of Dubai, was under the rule of the Al Maktoum (rulers of Dubai to this day), and then came to tribes from Bani Yas and other tribes, and thus increased the population to double. Al Maktoum’s rational policy has had a major impact in reviving the fishing and diving village and transforming it into a vast commercial city .
At the time, Dubai was an active and sophisticated commercial center, thanks to its geographical location, located on the coast, including the creek, which is the best natural harbor in the south of the Gulf. The Creek was an important part of the daily life of the people of old Dubai at the time .